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Rat Species in United Kingdom

Posted on April 11th, 2018 by Panther Pest Control Team

Last Update: 18.07.2018

Rats are considered as pest worldwide due to their capacity to be harmful to human’s health by spreading life-threatening diseases. They can be the reason for lots of structural damage to your property and number one suspect for stealing food.
The genus Rattus proper contains 64 extant species. The species most common in UK are the Brown Rat (Rattus norvegicus) also known as the Norway Rat and the Black or Roof Rat (Rattus rattus). The second one is less commonly found and it’s largely restricted to port areas.

Brown Rat vs Black Rat

Considered as the most common rat in UK the Brown Rat prefers ground living and burrowing. Sometimes these rodents can smartly use their feet which makes them able to climb. Аs regards to Black Rats they are rare in the UK. Their appearance is usually confined mainly to ports.

Brown RatBlack Rat
brown-rat

Appearances

  • The brown rat is up to 40 cm in length. Its tail is shorter than the head and body;
  • It grows up to 500g in weight;
  • It has a blunt nose, small ears and a thicker body than the Black Rat.

Life Cycle

  • They produce 5–10 young per litter, and have between 3–6 litters a year;
  • The gestation period is about 3 weeks;
  • Reach sexual maturity between 10–12 weeks after the birth.

Habits

  • The brown rat is the only species to occur in sewers in the UK;
  • When it comes to food they are omnivorous, but their favourite is cereals;
  • Around 30g of food is enough for the day. Brown Rats can also drink up to 60ml daily.
black-rat-rattus-rattus

Apperances

  • The black rat is between 16–24cm in length. Its tail is longer than the head and body;
  • It grows up to 200g in weight;
  • They have a pointed nose, large ears and a slender body when compared to the Brown Rat.

Life Cycle

  • They produce 5–10 young per litter, and have between 3–6 litters a year;
  • The gestation period is about 3 weeks;
  • Reach sexual maturity between 12–16 weeks after the birth.

Habits

  • They often climb as they are incredibly agile;
  • They don’t really like to burrow and they are rarely found outdoors in the UK;
  • Preferred food – moist fruits. Black Rats will eat around 15g of food a day and drink 15ml.
Natural predators of rats

In the wild, rats are attacked by owls, falcons and hawks. Some snakes also love to hunt and feed on rats.

But when they infest a building, humans are the enemy. Your home or office is not a place for rats.

If you have noticed any signs of rats around your property hurry up and give Panther Pest Control a call. DIY rat control methods and prevention will kill the rats in your home, but for better results, you should leave the job to professional exterminators. You can contact us 24/7 on 020 3404 5177 and talk to one of our polite customer care representatives about your free no-obligation quote. We will send an experienced rat control technician to inspect your premises and completely remove any tracks of the pesky rodents roaming around the house.

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