Your Guide To Household Moths

Unpleasant as it may seem moths are the common, creepy and persistent little vermin feasting on your clothes. Yes, you need to get rid of them this instant, but you won’t unless you find their kryptonite and prevent them from cosying up in your closet or wardrobe.


To find their weak spot, you need to know your cheeky enemy. There are a few basic questions which will help you kick the moths out of your property… Unless the infestation has grown into a household plague, destroying every textile fibre in their way.

What Types Of Moths Are There?

Well, the short and simplest answer is “a lot”. They’re as many as 160, 000 which compared to the number of butterflies is very impressive. Yet, only a few moths are known to be domestic terrorists.

What Types Of Moths Eat Clothes?


There are 5 moth species which can terrorize your household. Do all moths eat clothes? The short answer is “no”. Some of them are a little bit picky when it comes to food preferences and some would eat anything from oatmeal to carpet fibres. The shortlists of clothes destroyers include: Brown House Moth (Hofmannophila pseudospretella), Common Clothes Moth (Tineola bisselliella), Case-bearing Clothes Moth (Tinea pellionella).

Do All Moths Eat Clothes?

As we mentioned above, different moth species have a different diet. Brown House Moth and the White-Shouldered Moths prefer human food like cereal, dried fruits, oatmeal, and some textiles like wool and carpet fibres. Case-Bearing Moths have a more sophisticated palate, as they fancy munching on fibrous keratin, animal fur, hairs and feathers. The Common Clothes Moth has a similar taste which includes wool, carpets, upholstery and animal fur, as well.

How Do Moths Get In Your Home?

That’s a very interesting question which the Panther Moth Exterminators can answer, as well and it is simple. Moths are the nocturnal cousins of butterflies. Some scientists explain they prefer going out at night, as most of their predators are active during the day. They use moonlight to light their way in the dark. Yet, your house lights confuse their “natural GPS system”

Where Do Moths Live In A House?

Similarly to vampires, these little textile fibre destroyers detest daylight. Although you’d think to pull the curtains and let sunlight in your home, remember they might hide in the darker corners of your wardrobe.

Do Moths Bite People?

Domestic moths are not interested in your flesh just as other wild species. You might get a rash-like trail from wild moths’ spurs on their legs, but nothing more.

Do Moths Cause Allergies?

A client of ours asked us “If they don’t bite people how can they cause any allergic reactions?!”. The answer lies in their wings. They’re not called Lepidoptera just like that. Their wings are covered in tiny scales which fall off when they come in contact with other objects and become an airborne allergen. This is not the only way they can cause allergic reactions – their faecal matter and direct contact can do the same as their scales, as well. Be on the look out for signs of a moth infestation so you can prevent it ASAP.

Allergic Reactions to Clothes Moths

From all moth species, only a few are known to cause allergies. It’s their larvae – the caterpillar that might cause health issues mostly to the skin of a person. Some moth and butterfly larvae have hair or sharp spines that may penetrate the human skin and inject a toxin which is, in most cases harmless but may cause allergic reactions to some individuals such as:

Urticaria and Dermatitis

It’s caused primarily by moth caterpillars and is identified by symptoms such as:

  • swelling
  • small red bumps
  • itchy skin
  • widespread redness on the skin


This reaction from contact with moth larvae might be caused only by moth caterpillars that live in South America. Such symptoms are a result of a sting which injects venom that might lead to even more troublesome symptoms like:

  • vomiting
  • headache
  • burning pain

The venom spreads into the whole body pretty quickly and other organs like kidneys and lungs get affected pretty quickly. In this case, an anti-venom should be given to the sick person immediately.

Pararamose and Dendrolimiasis

These two illnesses are commonly known as chronic and should be avoided at any cost. The symptoms are painful and might reappear even after multiple treatments. Avoid contact with any caterpillars of any kind as you don’t know which may cause Pararamose or Dendrolimiasis. Some of the symptoms are:

How To Get Rid Of Moths At Home?

We could give you a short to-do list which consists of ordinary household tasks.

  • Change vacuum cleaner bags as often, as you can. This way you will rid yourself of any eggs and larvae left. Wash all types of fabrics like linen, towels, furnishings and similar where moths could choose as their incubator.
  • Use different scents to repel them. We exclude the dreadful smell of mothballs, which could deter you, as well. Using different scents which repel moths is a natural moth control.


Yet, most people are not aware of other places these little nocturnal beasts might be hiding. This way homeowners let a mild infestation become something even more serious and in moments like these, moth fumigation is obligatory.

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