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4 Types Of Pest Control You Should Know About

Posted on April 12th, 2016 by Panther Pest Control Team
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Pest control is not a popular topic of interest and yet, it is part of everyone’s property maintenance list. For centuries pest removal has been a serious concern for people. Actually, it became a part of our lives since we first started growing crops as a way of survival.

types of pest control

Title: Crazy Bug (House Centipede) Image author: Scot Akerman License: CC BY 2.0

Through the centuries pest removal has evolved into several types of pest control which have all proved to be effective in their own way. Nowadays, pests reach beyond crops and attack food, furniture, carpets and use people as a food source, as well.


1. Physical Pest Control

Pest beetle

Image title: Maikäfer-beetle animal insect
Image Source: www.picabay.com
License: CC0 Public Domain

This was the first way to get rid of pesky rodents and insects which destroyed agricultural production. It doesn’t involve complicated ways of execution, quite the opposite. Simply, this type of pest control is removing  the small rodents and insects which are destroying your crops by setting up barriers, so they can’t get to the crops. They vary from super thin nets and glass to plastic sheets that cover the crop beds.

2. Biological Pest Removal

lady bugs also known as ladybirds

Image source: commons.wikimedia.org License: CC BY-SA 3.0

What is biological pest control? If we have to introduce this removal method with a quote it would be “For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.” . In other words, it involves using living organisms to control vermin population. Also known as the bioeffector, it has proven to be highly beneficial and chemical-free. It controls mites, insect populations, weeds and plant diseases.
Sometimes biological pest control happens accidentally, without introducing one species to the other intentionally. In cases like these the invasive species, silverfish, for example, is  controlled by spiders, earwigs or other bugs. You might not spot silverfish due to their habits, but it would be one of the reasons spiders are attracted to your house. It may be beneficial at first but later spiders might grow in number and become a problem.

Robotics has helped it evolve into a smarter and safer way of controlling vermin throughout cities and farm lands with the help of robot falcons. This method is highly effective for rodent control by scaring the vermin, rather than eliminating them.

Standard biological pest control should be executed carefully, so it doesn’t destroy different species population. As clever as it might be considered this method has the potential of ruining eco systems , for most of the animals used for control have no natural predators in the environment we place them. They soon become dominant and overpopulate the area creating an eco imbalance.

Use Of Pest-Destroying Animals

using pest destroying animals as pest control methods

Title: You even scare me, Psycho!
Image source: www.flickr.com
License: CC BY-SA 2.0

Though it’s a little unsure, pest-destroying animals is often referred to as a subcategory. This subtype of removing different pests has a long history, dating back to ancient Egypt.  Around 3000BC ancient Egyptians used domesticated cats as a way to remove rodents.

Ferrets were tamed and used as mouse catchers. Mongooses were used for controlling the population of rodents and snakes, as well.

Some surveys point out introducing the right domesticated predators into a property infested with vermin, decreases the pest numbers significantly. Even if one of these animals doesn’t kill every last vermin, it will definitely keep them away.

You can see this type of vermin extermination nowadays, as well. Felix, a cat, which has recently been purr-moted, is now the Senior Pest Control Officer of the Huddersfield station.

3. Electronic Pest Control

The advance of science and technology allows removing pests with electronic devices.
Electromagnetic Pest Control Gadgets:

One of the most wide-spread ways of control are electromagnetic gadgets. They affect the nervous system of mice, ants and other species. Electronics like these may kill dust mites. When it comes to rodents and insects, however, it only repels them.

Ultrasonic Pest Control Ways:

These devices work by emitting short length, high-frequency sound waves. They’re are effective on smaller vermin groups which are in proximity to the gadget.

4. Insecticides, Rodenticides And Special Treatments

If you wish to exterminate vermin in order to repel them, you might use chemical treatments which are a very popular type of pest control nowadays. Different treatment solutions or sprays might be used to divert vermin off your property. In case of a severe infestation, space fumigation is the best solution for a property owner.

Natural Pest Repellents

Peppermint Essential Oil

Title: PeppermintEssentialOil
Image Source: commons.wikimedia.org
License: Public Domain

Though they’re considered a more humane type of mice and rats control. The technique involves applying natural substances with repelling odour. This makes insects and rodents run away from the treated areas. However, repellents are not always effective, as they aren’t strong enough to endure longer periods of time, like chemical treatments.

Possible Treatment Problems

Pest Mis-Identification

Knowing what you’re up against will help you choose the best removal method. We’ll give you a simple example. Property owners often confuse dust mites with bedbugs and use the wrong method for elimination. In both cases of infestation, people get a skin rash which is incredibly itchy and some decide to take action. So, you treat the property for the wrong pest -bedbugs. The removal attempt is not successful, the rash becomes more serious and the infestation becomes severe. To prevent this you should know what exactly bit you or caused the rash on your skin.

Poison Shyness

Rats and poison shyness

Title: Rat surmulot / Brown Rat
Image source: www.flickr.com
License: CC BY-SA 2.0

Another problem you might encounter when you try DIY pest elimination is poison shyness. If you’ve decided to exterminate every last rat or mouse in your home with rodenticide you might not succeed. Poisons which don’t kill a pest after the first ingestion will result in poison shyness – the rat or mouse won’t ingest the toxic substance again. What’s more, it’s smell or taste will repel it rather than act as bait. This way the rat colony will continue to grow in number even with the poison baits.